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Grapes production in Afghanistan

Introduction Grapes and raisins are the productive horticultural crops of Afghanistan due to large area of plantation and the high value received from. Grapes in Afghanistan are mostly growing by traditional system called earth–trellised “Jui” system, freestanding head system, and now it’s practicing T and I (cordon) systems. Cultural practices ...

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د میوه جاتو په ونو د یخوهنې اغیزې او مخنیوی

by: Ahmad Khasrow Kharoty د افغانستان اقليمي شرايط متفاوت او دمختلفو میوه لرونکو,غیر میوه لرونکو اوښکلاییزو بوټو د روزنې لپاره مساعده دي داځکه چی زمونږ هيواد يوه طبيعي گلخانه گڼل کيږي چه د مختلفو اقليمي شرايطوپه درلودلوسره په مختلفو موسمونوکي یی مختلف پوټي توليد او روزل کيږي. دې ځانګړتیا په ...

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Inter-Cousin Marriages in Afghanistan

PICTURE OF A PAINTING DEPICTING AN AFGHAN BRIDE (PAINTING: SAYED SADAT)

by: Dr Khesrow Sangarwal and Sahar Emran Is Inter-Cousin Marriage a Public Health Problem in Afghanistan? Background Studies have suggested that the prevalence of intra-familial unions in Middle Eastern and Asian populations could be as high as 50% of all marriages [1]. One study has estimated the consanguinity rate in ...

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Hazardous use of Methotrexate in Afghanistan

by: Dr Khesrow Sangarwal A number colleagues who have visited Afghanistan over the past few years has expressed concern regarding the careless and often hazardous use of various cytotoxic and disease-modifying agents, by both the healthcare professionals and patients, in Afghanistan. This concern has unfortunately not been raised and documented ...

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EUS vs ERCP in Diagnosis and Management of Choledocholithiasis

by: Dr YAMA SENGERWAL A Critique of Five Studies: Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) versus Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiography (ERCP) in Diagnosis and Management of Choledocholithiasis Choledocholithiasis is the presence of calculi or stones in common bile duct (The Merck Manual). The common bile duct is the main tube that carries bile from ...

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Childhood Immunisation – The safest and most effective way to protect individuals and communities from infectious diseases

AS LONG AGO AS 429 BC, THE GREEK HISTORIAN THUCYDIDES OBSERVED THAT THOSE WHO SURVIVED THE SMALLPOX PLAGUE IN ATHENS DID NOT BECOME RE-INFECTED WITH THE DISEASE.

Introduction: After clean water, vaccination is the most effective public health intervention in the world for saving lives and promoting good health.1 Effective immunisation has made a major contribution to reducing the incidence of many infectious diseases and in eradicating naturally occurring smallpox. It is hoped that poliomyelitis (polio) will also ...

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